Archive for the ‘Sustainable Energy’ category

WANTED: A SciTech Revival

November 12, 2011

The ECO-FANDANGO that is going on right now is a save Big Money dance that makes sure not to disturb the profits-above-all-else motives of corporate America. Most corporations are flush with cash and are coasting along on set, big-bank supported business strategies that are enhanced by lowered worker populations. Status Quo is the rule and gets solid political support. Meanwhile, America is in an socio-economic decay cycle that will eventually undermine the status quo and all of us.

America’s rise to prominence and world leadership came about from a combination of brave, risk-taking innovators and a bold new growth of both science and technology. Right now the fiscal crisis hoax is directly seeking to discourage risk taking and definitely a turn away from aggressive science and technology advances. This is coupled with actions by Big- Money duped politicians to continue to protect corporate profit growth at the expense of employment and our natural resources conservation. Another very active example of our dedicated self-destruction.

SCI-TECH TO THE RESCUE:  First, corporations must decide to loosen their grip on their cash reserves and begin to invest in new technology. Secondly, the Federal government must inspire those corporate risk-takers by offering earned credits applied to their fully restored tax obligations. The elimination of all the tax breaks and other fiscal benefits we taxpayers provide corporations will make the chance to earn reasonable tax-breaks highly attractive. This is accomplished by reinvesting in our sci-tech revival . If done properly this becomes an attractive incentive for big business to again behave like real American industrial innovators. Additional credits can be earned by providing sci-tech employee training for those job applicants which corporations currently list as unqualified for current job openings. ‘

So what are some examples of this sci-tech revival. We will look at three key areas. They are (1) new energy systems, (2)breakthrough transportation technology, and (3)natural resource conservation. We, our government and our corporations need to understand that there is an incredible sci-tech research and development resource just waiting to be unfettered and financially supported. We must not ignore it and its almost instant availability. Let’s start the revival.

1. NEW ENERGY SYSTEMS:  Right now we are in a diddle mode by toying with systems (wind, bio, current solar, etc) that either by themselves or jointly are not going to meet both current and future demands for energy. Yes, solar could grow as a high resource, but it has its limitations as a sole resource. If immense solar array systems are linked with thorium based nuclear power systems we could very will establish a safe and fossil-fuel free energy generation, transmission and storage system. To achieve this we need to gain considerable maturity in the design, constructions and safe operation of this composite energy system. We CAN do it, We HAVE the sci-tech skills and wherewithal to start now. Status quo stalling, however,  imperils this entire energy future. In this regard, we must acknowledge that the delays to move in this direction are not precautionary, they are political obeisance to big-oil and big-money forces. We must break that choke-hold.

2.BREAKTHROUGH TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY: Again we are currently dancing around with energy efficient transportation systems. The diddle rules. Yes, there is a mild increase in both US and foreign development of electric vehicles, but we have yet to commit to infrastructure changes that will support a fully EV based transportation model. Additionally, although there are musings about fuel-cell and hydrogen powered systems this again is in diddle mode. A solid program that seeks to achieve a mixed migration from pure EV to EV+FuelCell technology is a possible strategy. Regardless, unless, as mentioned above, we can break the Big-Oil /Big-Money choke-hold on SciTech progress we are stranded in petrol-quicksand with no rescue in sight.

They, being the media, say we are too timid, too intimidated, and too indifferent to push forward. Well if we do not push forward we will surely FALL BACKWARDS!  In that case, shank’s mare will be our most innovative means of transportation.

3. NATURAL RESOURCE CONSERVATION: What? Where is the Sci-Tech challenge here? Well, it could be the greatest and most rewarding that we can conceive. No, watering the flowers is pretty well accomplished, but dumping industrial offal on those flowers (Flowers in this case should be seen as our entire environment aka Planet Earth) kills them and most likely stifles all life in the area. This must be stopped.

Oh no, here we go with more restrictive rules and regulations and many marches of protest against polluters. Alas, more diddle! This is not to say that environmental protection by legislation and regulation is not important, but the real challenge is to find ways to give the polluters methods to produce and NOT POLLUTE! This is a sci-tech challenge, and for it to be effective it must be fully encouraged and financially supported by both government and private industry. The rewards to all parties, including Mom Nature, are immense. Here are just a few areas of research and development challenges and opportunities:

  • Just how hard have we looked at possible by-products from many industrial wastes?
  • Have we really determined the very best synthetic fertilizer for the farming industry that grows produce and does not produce stinking, life-stifling run-off?  No way?  Are you really sure about that?
  • CO and CO2 are generally bothersome, but as researchers already know they also are chemically useful. So why don’t we find more ways to pull them from our big polluters and put them to use for all of us? Stick the dollar incentive under our noses and guess what; VOILA; progress!  This is another critical joint government and private industry support activity.
  • GREEN is critical, and again sci-tech has and can produce answers to ways for we humans to co-exist on this planet while keeping it alive and well. Doing so definitely keeps us alive and well too. This latter point is conveniently ignored by both politicians and the BIGGIES.
SUMMARY: We already have the power to take these and many other progressive steps that will enrich our lives while protecting and preserving our home. Why, then, do we allow ourselves to be hoodwinked into accepting that the status quo is best for all and that progress is a hoax except where it benefits the BIGGIES? Have we given up on ourselves and on our amazing capacity to innovate and move all of us forward? If we are, in fact, giving up them we are denying our purpose as humans in the Cosmos. Well, don’t give up unless you are ready to simply let the status quo snuff out all your hopes and your life and the lives of your offspring – our future.
GOOD BYE STATUS QUO – LET’S MOVE ON!
IMAGE CREDIT: “WILD DANCES”. forum.alexanderpalace.org

HELP! We Are Being Poisoned!

May 20, 2011

Panic stricken crowds flee from the tragic Chicago fire.

The following discussion may seem far way from the broad topic of Explorology, but that is not and never has been the case. Scientific research is exploration of the most essential kind, and that is exactly what we will be talking about here.

Well, just like shouting ‘FIRE’ in a crowded theater, running out onto the street and shouting the above would either get you restrained or redirected to a mental institution. What if you are right? What if we should be shouting for help? Some of us do, and sadly too few responsible corporate and government leaders hear us. Actually, it’s pretty certain they hear us, but ignore us; hoping we will go away.

The above scenario instantly and dramatically changes if a news break or official announcement states that we are being poisoned, but by terrorists. Alarm bells ring, all kinds of serious looking people wearing protective clothing and headgear appear. Oops, false alarm, no terrorists and all the pollution samples are ignored or discarded. Everything returns to normal poisoning.

Our governments, national, state, and local all have many environmental and health agencies loaded with dedicated and skilled watchdogs. They all are ready and eager to extend their range and detection efforts, but unfortunately they are kept on short leashes. O.K. the whining and moaning stops here. The thrust of this blog article is to consider potential areas that either need expanded research or the initiation of new research.

We will approach this by considering a series of questions, some of which are hypothetical, but believed to be highly relevant.

Research and Regulation; are they compatible? Yes, they cooperatively exist today, but both need continual fiscal support, updating and solid leadership. Research has already established areas that need regulation to prevent harm to humans, but opponents of regulation legislate crippling acts that impede regulation or even abolish it. Research, is often affected by fickle funding which is also affected by oppositional lobbying attacks that either divert or stall funding for vital research into dangerous hazards to humans and our environment.

Innovation and Regulation; can they co-exist? Right now, it is a struggle. Entrepreneurs often regard regulation as barriers, both financial and operational, that prevent them from being successful and profitable. History reports many, many cases of the regulatory process being misdirected or ‘blinded’ by specific influence from corporations who seek to run outside the regulatory envelope. This is a clear example of the collapse of ‘arms-length’ relationships between the regulators and the corporate operations they are supposed to be monitoring.

Can sound and proper regulation be achieved and sustained? The first requirement is protection of regulatory agencies from politically inspired legislation that seeks to diminish or abolish their efforts. Changes, or redirection of any regulatory agency‘s operations should be exclusively the result of either or both research results and court decisions. The only legislation that would be permissible would relate to the scope of operations of the agency. In most cases this would result in White House executive orders and not direct legislative action. Most importantly, the regulatory process must be fully sensitive to new research data that either redefines or expands the target areas under the agency’s purview. Again, history records many areas where new data has been either overlooked or intentionally ignored due to political or corporate pressure.

Can scientific research receive increased government support and assurance of complete data review? Well, here again there are variables affected by political and social disputation of some findings (e.g climate change). This nation has a wealth of scientific review organizations most effectively represented by both the National Science Foundation and the National Academies of Science. These two organizations, plus the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy should exclusively moderate and resolve any such disputes. Assuming the data is correct and vital, the next step is inclusion of that data in the operational profiles of the responsible regulatory body.

Enforcement; obstruction or opportunity? Proper and complete enforcement of various regulatory issues is a variable. Screams from the offenders and their political cohorts claim “Big Government” intrusions. As a result the issue gets totally obfuscated by the harangue and the critical issue is left in limbo. If the enforcement process sought to provide suggestions and even means to derive alternative methods or products that avoid the offending process then suddenly the screams could become cheers and ‘intrustion’ bows out to ‘support’. For such a new relationship between enforcement and compliance there would need to be considerable changes in the regulatory process that would include sci-tech and financial support to induce the necessary new methods or policies. Yes, that costs money and time, but look at the money and time spent avoiding the regulatory process and the intense impact on the environment and humans. All of these avoidance strategies ultimately cost more and accomplish nothing, whereas a regulatory process that supports change as an enforcement aid could produce the desired safe environment. Most would call this constructive regulatory enforcement.

Is there a role for citizens in the research and regulatory process? The answer is,’absolutely.’  What is lacking is a fully coordinated process of taking those citizen inputs and reviewing them and assembling clear examples and descriptions of specific problems. Right now there are a host of environmental and consumer advocacy groups that take citizen input and present them to government, at all levels. The problem is, that these efforts often fall on deaf ears and no action occurs. This is often represented by glamorous, clamorous Congressional hearings that are filled with sound and fury, but yield little real results. This is an area of critical change. A clearing house process that evaluates citizen input via environmental groups provides a non-political and usually sci-tech assessment of the issue. Additionally representatives of the affected regulatory body as well as the offending organization also evaluate and comment on the issues. The end product is an official presentation to the Congress and the White House that enhances and further depoliticizes the issue. This should improve the chances of the problem receiving both full attention and support from the government. The objective is supportive enforcement as discussed above.

Come On! Is this something that can ever be put in place? Well, that is totally up to each of us. How really active are we in the entire process that evaluates and acts on environmental and health issues? Do WE consider these issues when we vote for our elected representatives? Do WE work as closely as we should with advocacy groups that seek to achieve some or all of the changes presented above? Lastly, do WE really care about our planet, our global well being, and full support for the scientific research that make all our lives better and safer? Government is US. What we do not follow up on weakens US and allows unregulated, renegade behaviors to endanger all of us. So we jump up, shout and scream and blame government, but that is US. So the ultimate solution is our own direct and immediate involvement. Can we get with it, NOW?

IMAGE CREDIT:

Panic in the streets of Chicago during the tragic Chicago Fire. From the Chicago Historical Society – Copyright 1996

THE VOYAGE OF GLIESE 1 – Part I – Exploring GL581g

October 2, 2010

Voyager Spacecraft are Role Models for Gliese 1

This is a follow-on blog article that discusses the possibility of an exploratory visit to the newly discovered, Earth-like exoplanet GL581g. You may click here to view the earlier blog article on GL581 (the red dwarf) and its six (or more) exoplanets.

Based on our preliminary calculations, it will take approximately 30.2 years to travel to the GL581 area, and this is at about two-thirds the speed of light.

Human spaceflight for this first voyage is not desirable. The decision has been made to make the flight of Gliese 1 a fully robotic mission. Although this will be the most far-reaching spaceflight mission yet attempted, the great design and development progress in robotic spacecraft by many of our spacefaring nations inspires confidence.  This is especially true when we consider the Voyager spacecrafts (#1 and #2) which at this point have gone farther than any other robotic spacecraft to date.

There are a great many important issues to be considered before we even begin this program. Let’s look at some of the ones at the top of the list.

Space telescope research before spacecraft? The ideal first step would be to further verify GL581g by looking for it by using a new telescope system called the Terrestrial Planet Finder.

Yes, I have read about that, but I understand that the TPF program was cancelled or put on hold. That is correct and now the idea is to add the TPF features to the Webb Space Telescope (JWST). Planetary scientist Sara Seager discusses this in her book, Is There Life Out There?

So, we wait until the Webb Telescope is launched and in use, and will it have the occulter unit included in the final assembly? We think so, but at this writing we are not certain. We are contacting Dr. Seager to get an update in that regard. As for waiting on the JWST, that is not a long wait. It is scheduled for launch in 2014.

A Parallel Program to include JWST investigation during the design, build and test of Gliese 1. The Gliese 1 spacecraft will be designed to travel to relatively nearby exo-planetary systems. If for some reason, GL581g is found not to be an Earth-like planet with the promise of a life supporting environment, then the Gliese spacecraft is simply re-assigned (before its launch) to a different exo-planetary system. Building this system while also using the JWST to probe GL581g and other exoplanet candidates is efficient use and development of space-related, scientific technology.

Well that sounds like a great idea, but good grief we are talking about very, very large budgets. Who is going to spring for that? You are right, and to do this we are talking about an immense change in governmental commitments to space research and exploration. In this regard, as we have mentioned before, no one government or private research organization will be able to fund this. It must be a fully joint effort by all the spacefaring nations on Earth.

Gliese 1 exploratory spacecraft is expected to achieve a reconnaissance orbit around GL581g. The sensitive equipment on the spacecraft is expected to confirm that the exoplanet can and may actually support life. This is a more detailed and critical assessment than what has been accomplished byboth land-based and space-born telescopes like the JWST.

OK, then why are we not sending a lander onto GL581g to make contact? That is not an option with regard to the design of the Gliese1 spacecraft. A lander is not an included option. Additionally, until we get more detailed biochemical as well as geological assessments from the orbiting spacecraft it is too early to consider a lander probe. Most importantly, in honor of our long-held principles, “we come in peace, with intent to do no harm.”

Deep Space communications with Gliese 1 could be a challenge; however, our success with the Voyager craft is encouraging. In any case it is expected that the Deep Space Network will be expanded and upgraded to ensure that we can sustain regular data and command exchanges with the spacecraft. This is certainly going to produce dramatic breakthroughs in deep space communications.

Hmmmm, we have had some problems with communications with the Mars rovers. Doesn’t it follow that in the deep space where Gliese 1 will be that these problems will be even greater? Yes, that is a good question, and the planning for this spacecraft calls for greater AI(artificial intelligence) programs and devices that allow Gliese 1 to diagnose and correct many of its problems on its own. This will be more than the automatic shut down modes we have experienced with many other rovers and spacecraft.

Like the Voyagers, Gliese 1 is a one way space exploration program. As a result this spacecraft will carry with it, extensive assessment technology that will give us as detailed information (visual and data) of GL581g. The spacecraft also, powered by radioisotope technology, is expected to continue full operation for a decade following its successful encounter and orbiting of GL581g. Again, the incredible success we are having with the Voyager craft demonstrates that we can succeed in this respect.

Whoowee, that is exciting!  What if there is human life on GL581g and they take offense at our prying and destroy Gliese1? Well, that could certainly be a possibility, but there could be no real proof that the spacecraft was destroyed by humans rather than either a malfunction on cosmic accident. This is a major risk in this type of exploration just like so many throughout the history of humankind, but look at all we have learned and mastered by taking such risks.

The actual discovery of life, in any form, on GL581g will dramatically change the lives of all of us on this planet. We expect this and in our design of the spacecraft in addition to our many assessment systems and protocols we have set up a network report protocol that will send back to Earth, for public broadcast, images and data that let all of us share in this remarkable exploration. Maybe we will even receive an image of ET waving to us.

Thinking about that feedback is both exciting and sort of spooky. I am not sure how I will really react to that revelation. I think I will be jumping with joy, but maybe not. We understand that. Reactions to proof of life elsewhere in the galaxy and the universe will have a shock effect on all of us. The joy is knowing we are no longer alone. The worry will be manifold as we are deluged with sci-fi histrionics and a new application of the superstitious warnings of those who have trouble accepting these facts. None of this will eradicate the fact that there is life out there.  Me, I hear great music and have beautiful visions of a whole new future for all of us.

Well, we have just considered a few of the important issues involved in this project.  We need to consider more. We will do this in one more blog article to follow this one. We hope you will join us and follow along.  Please we urge your comments, questions, and scientific corrections and additions. Until next week – Look up and ask: Quo Vadis?

CREDITS:

Image of Voyager Spacecraft – courtesy of NASA.



THE GLIESE EXPEDITION – Only Very Young Astronauts Need Apply

September 30, 2010

GL581 (Red Dwarf) - Exoplanets too distant to be seen.

Yes, extra-solar GL581g has been discovered as a definite Earth-like exoplanet. It could very well have an atmosphere and water; important life support ingredients.

Unofficial comments about a future mission to GL581g are already filling social networks. The key questionis will that expedition ever happen? A large chorus quickly shout YES, but a more sullen, conservative audience expresses resistant doubts.  Well, lets join the “can do” crowd and see just what it would take to visit the Red Dwarf and its string of planets; especially GL581g.

First there is the matter of distance. GL581 and its solar system is 20 light years away. That converts to 117,572,507,463,672.14 Miles. This is not just an around the corner distance. Current spacecraft and propulsion systems would not carry humans that distance unless we used sci-fi science and put the explorers in deep freeze for years and years.

Oh, well then lets just forget it. NO! Read on to see what can be done.

What about time-lapse? Considering the distance cited above we need to be able to make the journey at near the speed of light . Assuming we could achieve a propulsion system that could provide a thrust equal to 2/3 the speed of light (199841.653 km/s) which converts to 447,032,987 miles per hour, we could achieve this speed. It would take us 30.2 years to reach GL581.

Oh, well, see lets just forget it! NO! There is still more to consider. Please read on.

Warp Drive or what propulsion system? You can forget sci-fi science warp drive stuff at the moment and instead think about a propulsion system that could supply constant acceleration such as an expansion of the VASIMR propulsion system concept. To help you understand this take some time to understand acceleration, velocity and speed.  Any good physics text on motion should give you all you would need.

O.K, so we could get there in less than 30 + years? Not in the beginning. It is best to plan around that time factor.

Nuclear Power (Fusion) is a must. To reach the desired state of constant acceleration and to sustain it we need an energy source that can support the expedition for longer than twice the one-way flight time (We do plan to come back to report our discoveries). Right now the type of energy source that could be installed and operated in a spacecraft does not exist. There are many critical breakthroughs that must be achieved for this to become a reality. Roskosmos of Russia is working on nuclear power propulsion and NASA did once, and must start again – NOW!

Humph, most folks are scared silly of nuclear power so is that even something we should think about? YES!  We just need to grow up to where we can manage nuclear energy responsibly and safely.  The U.S Navy does it all the time, so….?

The spacecraft design. Unlike the concept of Earthship I, a spaceship under constant acceleration will create its own artificial gravity that will offset the effects of long-term exposure to weightlessness and the associated physiological effects on astronauts. Obviously in addition to the aforementioned propulsion system, the spacecraft must be designed to accommodate a crew over an extended journey. Protection from cosmic effects (radiation, meteor strikes, supernovae events, and black holes are serious hazards). Entirely new design criteria must evolve and should be aided by the spacecraft designs we have made and will develop for exploration of our own solar system.

Well seems to me we should consider the first voyage based on a totally robotic crew. This could enable us to do out first exploration more safely and at less cost. YES, that is correct and is in the plan.

Good, now who is going to foot the bill for all of this? The U.S. Congress? NO, not entirely. The only way this is going to come about is through an international effort that is represented by a formal international space organization that shares in all aspects of the expedition.  To see what we mean review again the details in Part III of the Earthship I blog article.

Mission 1 of the Gliese Expedition will be a robotic mission that will allow us to assess many factors involved with a very long-term, deep space exploration. This will be a less expensive first start and will also give us time to fully organize the development of the International Space Organization. Unless we can assure this new spacefaring unity and comradeship, our success in deep space exploration will be extremely limited.

O.K., so what is next? Well we have a lot more to present and to discuss with you so we are going to do at least one follow on blog article that will present our ideas about that first, robotic , voyage to GL581. We urge you to plan a return visit (in a view days) for our presentation of The Voyage of GLIESE 1.

CREDITS:

Astrophotograph of GL581 – Red Dwarf. Courtesy of Waddell Robey and Slooh.com. (See copyright notice on the image, please).

 

 

URGENT EXPLORATIONS: Summary

August 7, 2010

Yes, I know, I only selected four areas to discuss under this topic, and as all readers know there are many more.  My point, however, is that if we attend to the four “E’s” we will be in better place to attend to the many other issues that keep us from becoming a fully spacefaring civilization.  Please notice, I maintain we must treat all of this as a global issue, thus civilization instead of nation as the focus.

In Education, for example, the United States has dropped to twelfth place among the thirty plus nations with high levels of college graduates. We must catch up, not to lead, but to bolster the international population of skilled and well-trained young people.

In Energy, our Congress, held in the tight grip of special interests, can not come together to move ahead in establishing the type of energy policy that, again, helps us fulfill our international obligations.

All citizens of planet Earth have the responsibility to preserve and protect our Environment because unless we take care of our planet we degrade the very source of our spacefaring abilities.

Regardless of the level and vitality of global Enterprise, unless we have mastered the three “E’s” above our creative, and bold efforts are feeble at best.

Perhaps our biggest and hardest challenge is making the transition from warfare to spacefare.  Aside from the theopolitical and sociopolitical ideologies that batter the global conscience, humankind’s prehistoric obsessions with tribal-style governance tears us apart and keeps us apart as citizens of Earth.  Look at the image on the left above.  This is a grouping of international students at George Mason University in the United States.  I do not read hostility on their faces, I read interest, attention and even tranquility in their expressions. Would they vote for more warfare or opt for the promise of exciting and rewarding spacefare? I suspect, I hope, in fact, I believe they would vote for spacefare.

The results of space-exploration related enterprise will expand opportunity across the globe for all levels of skills and interests.  This extension and enhancement of opportunity directly mediates the impact of sociopolitical constraints and stands as a strong catalyst for world peace.  As for the impact of theopolitcal ideologies, the very presentation and access of our civilization to the mysteries, glories and challenges of the universe enhance rather than challenge spiritual philosophies. This too, becomes a strong catalyst for world peace.

Lastly,  our global social structures are based upon the power of the few and the democratic or otherwise control of the people.  Yes, we will always need leadership and support for the rights of the people, but in the venue of a spacefaring civilization we have the opportunity to build an egalitarian civilization.

Why would we chose otherwise?  Why not start now? Please don’t misinterpret this as the expansion of a “techie” culture. I am talking about a civilization that sees far beyond just the present and the local scene. We chose to reach out and explore, to discover, and to explain all that surrounds us.  Most importantly in doing so, we humbly seek to enhance and enrich our civilization as well as those we may come across in our future explorations. Let’s not delay, let’s start that process today.

CREDIT:

Image: From Flikr: Image of a gathering of international students at George Mason University (GMU) in the United States.

URGENT EXPLORATIONS: Doing Our Homework-Lesson 1: Energy

July 31, 2010

In order to position ourselves to really begin sustained explorations of our solar system and beyond, we must first achieve an improved state of environmental and technological stability at home. The underlying power for these key challenges is scientific research; aka exploration.  We have a number of important, actually very serious, needs and problems that depend upon the power of scientific and technological investigations and innovations.

For this presentation, I have picked on four of these key challenges. Hopefully, as you read this blog post you will think of other challenges that should be addressed.  Please, take the opportunity to send us a comment on your views and ideas.  The areas I have selected are the Four “E”s: Energy, Environment, Education and Enterprise.  They are all closely related and in my opinion interdependent.  Each of the Big E’s will be covered in individual blogs followed by a summary blog.  Let’s get started with the first homework lesson.

Energy:

The power behind this vital resource are the energy masters: (1) petroleum production and refining and (2) coal mining and distribution. A third would be nuclear power, but it is considered an alternative energy source.  Items (1) and (2) are the key life blood of all our energy needs today, and even though we are working with alternative sources such as wind systems and green fuels neither of these will be able to supply the level of energy required to meet the demands of government, industry and the public (homes and transportation).

The real alternatives rest with nuclear energy (which has serious radiation issues), hydrogen energy and a mixture of alternatives such as hydroelectric, wind, biofuel, and solar.  It is my opinion that only hydrogen energy systems and solar energy systems with nuclear power backup will fully meet the increasing power demands of our high-tech, highly mobile civilization.

In order for these preferred systems to work, the energy masters must be aided in developing ways to either convert their resources (coal and oil) into an acceptable alternative energy resource or begin to transition into the production of energy through hydrogen or solar systems.  It is entirely impractical, impolitic and financially devastating to expect these two energy masters to just walk away from years of both high investment and profits. They are major segments of our economy and simply cannot be turned off and turned away.

At the same time our continuing, almost total dependence on these energy masters is proving to be a serious threat to our strategic and economic integrity.  They must change, and that change must be fully supported and encouraged by government until their new energy systems meet demand and prove profitable. None of this is an overnight process.  It will take time, but without political stalling. This transition may be enabled by our expanded use of temporary energy sources such as wind,  biofuels, and the reliance on select nuclear power systems.

Right now both the political divergence on energy as well as active opposition from the energy masters makes this required change seem bleak and unattainable.  If we accept this, then we must accept an increasing decline in our technological strength and ability to seriously advance as a spacefaring nation.

The energy masters have the technology, the financial power, and the incentive to convert and begin a new era of energy resource production that could eventually surpass their current capabilities and output. Will they do it? I think not without both incentive and full political encouragement. That incentive must come from the White House, the political encouragement must come from a unified Congress and that must come from we the people.